Definition of Text, Fiction and Text Structure

Definition of Text, Fiction and Text Structure
Do you know what is meant by fiction? Have you ever read a short story or novel? If you have read a short story or novel, then you are reading a fiction. Now for more details what is a fiction story, consider carefully the following description.

Understanding Fiction
Fiction is a word that comes from English fiction which means imaginary. Fiction means a story that does not actually occur. More broadly, the notion of fiction is a work of literature that is imaginary or imagined by the writer and not an actual event. In other words, fiction does not actually occur in the real world, but only based on one's imagination, thoughts, or imagination.
Even though fiction is only the imagination of the writer, fiction still makes sense and can contain truths that can dramatize human relations.
Fictional stories are usually based on history, events or life experiences of the writer or other people peppered with the imaginations of the authors.

There are several types of artwork included in fiction such as:
short story
soap operas, etc.
Understanding Fiction According to Experts
To better understand what fiction is, here are the opinions of experts about fiction

1. Krismarsanti
The definition of fiction according to Krismarsanti is an essay that contains a story or story made based on the imagination or imagination of the author.

2. Thani Ahmad
Definition of fiction according to Thani Ahma is a narrative story that arises from the author's imagination and does not care about historical facts.

3. Henry Guntur Tarigan
Henry Guntur Tarigan defines fiction as a work of literature derived from the writer's imagination.

4. Semi
Definition of fiction according to Semi is a type of literary narrative and is in the form of a fictional author's story regardless of reality.

Characteristics of Fiction
Based on the understanding of the fiction above, we can recognize a work of fiction with the following characteristics:
Fiction is fictional or the imagination of the author
In fiction there is relative or not absolute truth
Generally fiction uses language that is connotative or not real
Fiction does not have a standard systematics
Generally, fiction targets readers' emotions or feelings, not logic
In fiction there are certain moral or commission messages
Types of Fiction and Examples of Fiction
We have already discussed briefly the types of fiction literary works. For more details, here are the types of fiction:

The novel is a fictional story that tells a main character full of pros and cons in the story. Starting from beginning to end, the novel has a climax or ending.

The characteristics of the novel are
Not read once sat
The plot leads to multiple incidents or events
The character's character is fully developed.
Dimensions of space and time are broader, wider story and can reach wholeness in inclusion.
Some examples of novels include:

Dilan 1990
Siti Nurbaya
The sinking of the Vander Wick Ship
When love glorifies God
Romance is a work of fiction that tells the life of a person or several figures from birth to death. Roman stories usually contain lots of wisdom and tend to lead to classic stories. Romance is also many kinds such as Roman adventure, psychological psychology, romance romance, and others.

Some examples of Roman literary works, namely:
Frogs Want to Be Cows (Roman Psychology)
Four Age Girls (Romance Romance)
Si Dul Anak Jakarta (Roman Child and Teenager)
World Hell (Roman Education)
Look for a Virgin Thief (Roman Criminal and Detective)
Short story
Short stories are works of fiction with stories that are more short and more dense than novels and romance.

The characteristics of short stories are:
Can be read in one sitting
The plot leads only to a single incident or incident
The character's character is not fully developed if the character is good then only the goodness is told while the other traits are not
The dimensions of space and time are limited, the story is more contained, centered and deep, reaching wholeness in exclusion.

Some short story titles include:
Dear Former, the work of Rizki Dwi Lestari
Trophy for Riska, by Yacinta Artha Prasanti
Forgive Me, My People, by Hamka Firmansyah
Sorry, Flawless
Sekardus Uang Cinta Untuk Lala, by Benny Hakim Benardie
Structure of Fiction
Fiction story has the following structure

Abstract. That is the part that contains a short story from the whole story or contains the core story of a fictional text. This section is optional, may or may not be available.
Orientation. This section explains the theme, background, and characters in the novel. This section is usually located at the beginning of the story and becomes a clarification of the fiction in the novel.
Complications. The section that contains the problems that begin to face the characters in the story.
Evaluation. That is part of the story that contains a discussion of solving or solving problems faced by the characters, but not yet over.
Resolution. That is the part that contains the core problem solving of the problems faced by the characters.
Koda (reoriented). That is the part that contains the message of a story or moral message that is picked from fiction
Elements of a Fiction
The elements in fiction are divided into two, namely intrisic and extrinsic elements.

The intrinsic element of fiction
Theme. Namely the basic ideas or ideas that form the basis of a literary work contained in the text.
Figure. Namely the actors in the story.
Plot / plot. That is the sequence of events.
Conflict. Namely the problems faced by the characters in the story.
Climax. Is the end of the conflict, or conflict that has reached a high level of intensity and this can not be avoided.
Background. Namely the place, time and atmosphere where the events are told.
Mandate. Is a moral message conveyed by the author through the story he made.
Viewpoint. Is the author's perspective in presenting characters, actions, settings, and various events that shape the story to the reader. The point of view can be the first person marked by the word "I", the second person's point of view is marked by the word "you," and the third person's point of view is marked by the word "he or they".